9. A possible oral origin of parts of the story is not likely to concern Marduk’s role in it, which is probably altogether a written addition without a significant oral tradition preceding it. Its primary purpose in being written was to explain Marduk’s rise to ultimate power. The chief god of the Babylonians*, Marduk created an ordered world out of the original state of chaos. Besides, his creation is also praised. Marduk receives much praise from the other gods because of the victory against Quingu and Tiamat. The name 'Enuma Elish' comes from the first two words of the poem, meaning 'when on high' or 'when in the heights.' The dark elite? He is the son of Ea (Enki) and Damkina, and his consort was the goddess Sarpanit. As you might guess, Marduk’s rise to power within the Anunnaki pantheon mirrored the rise of Babylon as a regional power.  Historians interpret this as Babylon’s own manipulation of the local religion, but modern theorists instead reckon that the history of Babylon and Marduk was simply intertwined. THE GOLDEN CHAIN - THE YORUBA CREATION STORY, PROBLEMS WITH RELIGION - WITCH BURNING (graphic). In the ancient mythology, Marduk is credited with creating the zodiac: “He (Marduk) made the stations for the great gods; The stars, their images, as the stars of the Zodiac, he fixed” (The Seven Tablets of Creation, Fifth Tablet, translated by L.W. The origins of Marduk, like many ancient gods, are ambiguous – possibly harking back to a localized deity associated with water, judgment, and even magic. Another symbol that stood for Marduk was the spade. Let's read on... Told you, though I didn't see the whole slave thing coming. Unable to defeat Tiamat, the Sumerian Gods, Enki and Enlil cede their power to Marduk by granting “Enlil-ship” to Him. Now that Tiamat was dead, Marduk was the leader of … It tells the story of how the universe came into being, a great struggle among the gods, and the creation of the world and humanity. A comprehensive, monographic treatment of Marduk is still lacking (for now see Sommerfeld 1982, which excludes evidence from the first millennium BCE; also see Oshima 2011, who focuses on Akkadian prayers to Marduk).Marduk's origins and original functions are obscure. I don't like this story but I guess all the creation stories have us slaves of a zealous god or two. There were lots of gods but they were all kind of one lump of stuff. Over time, Tiamat grows resentful over Apsu’s death, and decides to get revenge.  Her new husband and military leader is the god Kingu.  She also fashions 11 monsters to help her in the battle against the young gods. Marduk is the patron deity of the city of Babylon. From the Enumu Elish and the Astrahasis come this story of creation from the Babylonians. Marduk, in Mesopotamian religion, the chief god of the city of Babylon and the national god of Babylonia; as such, he was eventually called simply Bel, or Lord. So, there was stuff, which is a different beginning to a creation story, just not very marketable stuff. The Creation Myth of Enuma Elish . When the gods discover their plan, one of them, Ea, kills Apsu. These two deities then gave birth to the other gods. The poem was most likely compiled during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar I in the later twelfth century B.C., or possibly a short time afterward. The story features a great battle between gods Marduk and Tiamat that results in the creation of the Earth and mankind. The Powerful Enki: Epic Sumerian, Babylonian, and Akkadian Deity 2. 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