Ancient History Encyclopedia. His son, Antigonus II Antigonus II (Antigonus Gonatas) , c.320–239 B.C., king of Macedon, son of Demetrius I. Recalled by his father from Greece, he fought in the Battle of Ipsus, in which his father was killed and lost much of his empire (301). CNG 99, Lot 86. Ptolemy offered a peace deal in 287 BCE, and Demetrius set his sights on Asia Minor and Seleucus. Agnes Harris's 52-Great Grandfather. In 303 BCE the city of Sicyon in the Peloponnese surrendered on the mere sight of Demetrius’ formidable siege engines, and in 302 BCE the League of Corinth was resurrected which would prove useful one year later. Demetrius I Poliorcetes, (born 336 bc, Macedonia—died 283, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 bc. What are synonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon? Demetrius I (Demetrius Poliorcetes) dĭmē´trēəs pŏl˝ēôrsē´tēz [ key], c.337–283 BC, king of Macedon. Argaeus i of macedon wikiwand macedonia (ancient kingdom) philip v demetrius alexander iv We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Demetrius, once heir to a great empire and King of Macedon for seven years, died a prisoner of Seleucus, albeit, one kept in a gilded cage. Demetrius gained his title of ‘Besieger of Cities’ when he blockaded Rhodes for a year. Born: 274 BC Died: 229 BC. Demetrius in the end of his reign defended his domain from the tribal peoples of the north. He possessed an elaborate wardrobe of hats and cloaks, broad-brimmed hats with double mitres and robes of purple interwoven with gold, while his feet were clad in shoes of the richest purple felt embroidered with gold. Wednesday, January 1, 336 B.C. Once again Demetrius was magnanimous in victory for he "not only buried the enemy’s dead with full honours but he also set his prisoners free (Plutarch, 348)". Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Noun 1. Demetrius I Poliorcetes (literally, “the besieger of the city”). When Alexander the Great died in 323 BCE, he left behind an empire... Lysimachus (c. 361-281 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great’s... Macedon was an ancient kingdom located in the north of the Greek... Demetrius I commands his father's cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in, Demetrius I marries Stratonice, daughter of Seleucus I and in return Demetrius is given, When his army deserts him Demetrius I flees, Demetrius I surrenders to Seleucus I and lives as a prsioner for three years until his, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Noun 1. During their careers they met with prodigious triumphs and disasters, conquered great empires and as easily lost them. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Together they had two children Stratonice and Antigonus II Gonatas. Demetrius I Poliorcetes, (born 336 bc, Macedonia—died 283, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 bc. For this purpose, he built a massive fleet of 500 ships. Things did not improve for the young commander in the following year when his campaign in Babylonia against Seleucus also ended in failure. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Demetrius_I_of_Macedon/. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Immediately after the murder of Alexander V, the nobles present—members of Alexander’s court, now surrounded by Demetrius’s forces—agreed to his kingship, and he was duly acclaimed by the assembled army. However, the first time he took sole command of an army did not go well, he lost in a battle against Ptolemy I and Seleucus I Nikator in Gaza in 312 BCE. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Demetrius-I-Poliorcetes, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Biography of Demetrius I Poliorcetes (336-283). Roman copy from 1st century AD of a Greek original from 3rd century BC. Silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius I of Macedonby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). After the blockade, the entrepreneurial Rhodians sold Demetrius’ siege equipment and used the proceeds to build a massive 32-metre high bronze statue of their patron god Helios - the Colossus of Rhodes and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. 24 Dec 2020. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCEby Javierfv1212 (Public Domain). invaded Macedon he was forced (285 B.C.) Miletos mint. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty , which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties. Demetrius’ fortunes further improved in 307 BCE when he successfully led a campaign in Greece to free Athens from Demetrius of Phaleron. Argaeus I Of Macedon Wikiwand. 2 synonyms for Demetrius Poliorcetes: Demetrius, Demetrius I. The tower also had a beam fitted to its front which was decorated with a ram’s head and used to punch holes in fortification walls. Demetrius Poliorcetes synonyms, Demetrius Poliorcetes pronunciation, Demetrius Poliorcetes translation, English dictionary definition of Demetrius Poliorcetes. Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Siege towers were not new but Demetrius’ was the largest so far seen and was so massive it reportedly took 3,400 men to mobilise it. Rhodes, a strategically important island throughout antiquity, was a particularly prosperous trade centre in Hellenistic times and an ally of Ptolemy. Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCE, Silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius I of Macedon. Demetrius I of Macedon ... Media in category "Demetrius I Poliorcetes" The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. Demetrius had more success against Cassander back on the Greek mainland in 304 BCE when he and his father extended their influence to include Aetolia and Boeotia. The rising military star shone even brighter when he famously defeated Ptolemy’s fleet at Salamis, off the coast of Cyprus in 306 BCE. Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒli.ɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian Greek nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). (371). Unfortunately, the statue was toppled by an earthquake in 228 or 226 BCE. Macedonia (/ ˌ m æ s ɪ ˈ d oʊ n i ə / ; Ancient Greek: Μακεδονία), also called Macedon (/ ˈ m æ s ɪ d ɒ n /), was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece , and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece . Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). King of Macedonia from 306 to 286 (with interruptions). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Their Zodiac sign is ♑ Capricorn. He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty . Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the ‘Besieger’ (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great’s empire in the ‘Successor Wars’. The Hellenistic Age History Podcast 17 views However, with his army devastated by plague and famine, he was forced to surrender once again in 285 BCE. The grail was his: Demetrius was king of Macedon. The huge battle was said to have involved 150,000 men and 475 elephants. Demetrius was an inventive siege-master, his most famous weapon being the helepolis or ‘city-taker’, a 40-metre high siege tower with nine levels and which was wheeled, armoured, and could carry multiple artillery weapons (ballistae). Demetrius was married five times; his first wife was Phila daughter of Regent Antipater by whom he had two children: Stratonice of Syria and Antigonus II … Demetrius I is infamous in Jewish history for his victory over the Maccabees, killing Judas Maccabaeus in Nisan, 160 BC. The Antigonids were treated as liberating heroes by the Athenians and given all manner of honours, including their own cults. Demetrius I of Macedon. Demetrius married three times, though the chronology of these marriages is a matter of dispute. 016: To the Strongest - The 3rd War of the Diadochi & the Babylonian War - Duration: 29:55. Demetrius was a member of the Antigonid dynasty and took an active part in the struggle of the Diadochi. He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty.…more Marble portrait bust of Demetrius I of Macedon, also called Poliorcetes, "The Besieger" (336-283 BCE), Roman copy from the 1st century CE of a Greek original from the 3rd century BCE (Naples National Archaeological Museum). Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. However, in 288 BCE, when his army realised that Lysimachus, Ptolemy, Seleucus and Pyrrhus were all marching on Macedon, they refused to take the field and Demetrius was forced to flee south. Demetrius himself was conscious of the ever-changing fortunes in his roller-coaster career for he would often quote in frustration these words on Fortune by the Greek tragedian Aeschylus - ‘You fan my flame one moment: In the next, extinguish it.’ (Plutarch, 365), Related Content Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the 'Besieger' (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the 'Successor Wars'. Web. Updates? Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the 'Besieger' (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the 'Successor Wars'. https://www.ancient.eu/Demetrius_I_of_Macedon/. For in 301 BCE the Antigonids were defeated at the Battle of Ipsus in central Phrygia by Lysimachus and Seleucus I. HRE Ferdinand I's 56-Great Grandfather. Demetrius I (Greek: Δημήτριος, 337-283 BC), called Poliorcetes (Greek: Πολιορκητής - "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294288 BC). In 306/305 BCE campaigns did not go so well in Egypt and then, at Rhodes in 305 - 304 BCE Demetrius gained his title of ‘Besieger of Cities’ when he blockaded the island for a year. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ex. NGC Choice AU Strike 5/5, Surface 4/5, Fine Style. Cartwright, Mark. AR drachm (17mm, 3.90 gm, 12h). Demetrius II Aetolicus (King) of MACEDONIA. Price-2148 corr. Demetrius Poliorcetes - son of Antigonus Cyclops and king of Macedonia; he and his father were defeated at the battle of Ipsus (337-283 BC) Antigonus was killed and Demetrius retreated to the Isthmus of Corinth. Books Demetrius himself was severely wounded & died shortly thereafter, leaving a crumbling kingdom to his nine year old … Earlier Established Forms Synonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon in Free Thesaurus. Omissions? His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. Corrections? Last modified March 23, 2016. Demetrius was the son of Alexander the Great’s general Antigonus I Monophthalmus, in whose campaigns he commanded with distinction and whose empire, based in Asia, he attempted to rebuild. Cartwright, M. (2016, March 23). Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 23 March 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. The ‘Besieger’, then, was a victim of his times, an age when rulers without lands or rulers with lands but no particular ancestral ties to them, squabbled for the pieces of Alexander’s broken empire. Antonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon. Find out more about the greatest Greek Emperors & Kings, including Alexander the Great, Leonidas I, Philip II of Macedon, Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Constantine II of Greece He was, according to Plutarch, buried at the city he had founded and which bore his name, Demetrias in Thessaly. Demetrius I of Macedon Label from public data source Wikidata; Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, King of Macedonia, 336 B.C.-283 B.C. Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος ; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής , The Besieger), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …support of his brilliant son Demetrius (336–283), known as Poliorcetes, or Besieger, who ousted the other Demetrius and restored the democracy and eventually the League of Corinth; he was hymned with divine honours and given the Parthenon as his palace. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachmcoin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. Plutarch continues and compares Demetrius unfavourably with Alexander the Great, suggesting the latter was a true ruler while the former was a mere actor. His descendants remained in possession of the Macedonian throne till the time of Perseus, when Macedon was conquered by the Romans in 168 BC. Poss. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachm coin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. Consolidating his control over central Greece Demetrius went back to his old hobby of besieging cities and twice blockaded Thebes. He, thus, describes, like an actor, Demetrius’ taste in dress: ...there was something intensely theatrical about Demetrius. On his accession he was faced by an Aetolian and Achaean coalition, later joined by an Epirote League. Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. From his unsuccessful siege of Rhodes (305) he won the title Poliorcetes (“the Besieger”). Demetrius is credited with being the first to employ artillery mounted on warships to fire on other warships (as opposed to just cities), when he used both stone and arrow-throwing catapults in the battle. Demetrius first came to prominence in c. 317 BCE when he commanded his father’s cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in Persia. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 23 Mar 2016. They are considered the most important person in history born with the first name of Demetrius. Demetrius campaigned in Greece again c. 295 BCE when he removed the tyrant Lachares from Athens and defeated Sparta. Marriage and family. As a reward for this great victory Antigonus announced that Demetrius would, from now on, be joint king with him. He then set his sights on the Macedonian throne, which he claimed in 294 BCE with the help of Phila and after murdering Alexander V. Demetrius then established a new Macedonian capital in Magnesia in southern Thessaly, Demetrias. Perhaps with his resources never quite matching his ambition, Demetrius did not live up to his early promise and died without an army or an empire. Kingdom of Macedon. He married Phila, daughter of Antipater, who would, later on, become a useful Macedonian connection. But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. `Osawatomie' Brown's 66-Great Grandfather. "Demetrius I of Macedon." (monogram); Newell-49; ADM I Series XIII. When Antigonus was exiled in 322 BCE Demetrius accompanied his father and found refuge with the Macedonian general Antipater. The son of Antigonus I, he proved himself a very able commander in … On Demetrius’ character Plutarch, comparing him with Rome’s Mark Antony, said, Both men were redoubtable womanizers, drinkers and fighters, both were open-handed, extravagant and arrogant, and these resemblances were reflected in the similarity of their fortunes. Demetrius, leading the cavalry and after an initial success, may have charged too deep into the enemy and exposed his father’s flank to an attack from Seleucus’ elephants. Demetrius kept a foothold in Greece and in 294 reoccupied Athens and established himself as king of Macedonia, but in 288 he was driven out by his rivals Lysimachus and Pyrrhus. Cite This Work Demetrius, still in control of such important cities as Cyprus, Corinth, and Ephesos, was offered a way back into the chaotic political theatre of the Successor Wars when his daughter Stratonice married Seleucus and in return Demetrius was given Cilicia c. 299 BCE. Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. Demertius I of Macedon: the king of Macedon who fought during the Babylonian Wars! But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. (336). He is the subject of one of Plutarch’s Lives biographies. He finally surrendered to Seleucus I Nicator in Cilicia (285) and died there (283). Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachm coin In 302 BC, he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League, but his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. A young boy named Democles the Handsome to Seleucus I Nicator in Cilicia ( 285 ) and died (! Once again in 285 BCE deal in 287 BCE, silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius Poliorcetes ) dĭmē´trēəs pŏl˝ēôrsē´tēz [ ]. 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