Ministerio de Agricultura. 1 Intake and apparent digestibility. Fresh clean water is essential. In goats, Sudan grass hay was found to have an overall nutritional quality roughly similar to that of pearl millet, elephant grass and sorghum hays (Aguiar et al., 2006a). A hay’s protein content and Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) should be below 35% for goats. Alfalfa is high in protein and high in calcium, so control the usage of it . It can withstand slightly alkaline and saline soils. Sample grain rations. Part II. Archiva Zootechnica, 11 (1): 45-53, Yamamoto, Y. ; Mizutani, M. ; Inui, K. ; Urakawa, S. ; Hiraoka, H. ; Goto, M., 2005. Is it valuable to you? Would you consider donating? Nutritive value of sudan grass, millet, teosinte and corn silages. Often goats prefer brushy species and weeds rather than the more typical pasture or range grasses. The nutritive value of South African feeds. Millsp. It is very palatable to cattle, sheep and goats (FAO, 2009). Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Sudan grass (Sorghum × drummondii). To determine the amount of grain to feed, consider level of milk production, amount and quality of forages consumed, appetite and state of fleshing. The dairy goat should be maintained in good condition during the dry period so she will freshen in a healthy state and have every opportunity to produce more milk in the next lactation. Be sure all grain rations add a vitamin premix that will provide 1000 units of vitamin A, 500 units of vitamin D and 3 units of vitamin E per pound of grain. Feedipedia is encountering funding shortage. Adv., 3: 503–509, Alvarez, E. G. ; Plascencia, A. ; Zinn, R. A., 2005. In sheep, Sudan grass silage had an organic matter digestibility slightly lower than alfalfa hay, but Sudan grass hay had a higher OM digestibility than alfalfa hay (Olteanu et al., 2005). Wean from milk when grain intake reaches ¼-pound daily and kids are readily consuming hay. Grain consumption should be reduced or removed near the time the dairy goat is turned dry. Treatment to prevent Coccidiosis should begin when the kids are three weeks old. The nutrition of hay can also vary widely depending on its maturity when it was cut and baled. Sudan grass is native to Southern Egypt and Sudan. Silages from tropical forages. Intake and apparent digestibility of chopped grass hays fed to goats. Animal health, animal welfare and biosecurity. After four to six months of age, the kids may be fed a ration similar to that of the milking herd. Zootec., 35 (6): 2219-2225, Aguiar, E. M. de ; Lima, G. F. da C. ; Santos, M. V. F. dos ; Carvalho, F. F. R. de ; Guim, A. ; Medeiros, H. R. de ; Borges, A. Q., 2006. Sudan grass, sudangrass, chicken corn, shattercane, sordan, sorghum sudangrass [English]; sorgho du Soudan, sorgho menu [French]; pasto Sudán, hierba del Sudán [Spanish]; Sudan otu [Azerbaijani]; Sudangras [German]; Sorgo sudańskie [Polish]; batag [Tagalog]; Սուդանի խոտ [Armenian]; Суданка [Bulgarian]; スーダングラス [Japanese]; Суданская трава [Russian], Sorghum × drummondii (Steud.) Hay and Pasture Crops. It is now widespread in South America, Australia, South Africa and Central and Northern Europe (Duke, 1983). Sudan Grass Hay For Sale This summer annual does exceptionally well in the Imperial Valley. Each type can be successfully fed with correct Most of Imperial Valley grown Sudan is for the export market with Japan consuming the bulk. Science Bulletin No. Many goat raisers pasteurize It is easy to dry and it makes good quality hay because of its slender culms. After pasture, good quality hay is the ideal feed. Sci., 67 (4): 1027-1032, Guerra-Liera, J. E. ; Riveros Acosta, B. J. ; Gastelum Delgado, M. A. ; Cordova Izquierdo, A. ; Rodriguez Garcia, J. ; Soto Angulo, L. E. ; Moreno Quiroz, J. ; Lopez Juarez, L. A. ; Corrales Aguirre, J. L. ; Baca Martinez, S., 2007. Feedipedia is encountering funding shortage. Swathed when approximately four foot tall. Three wraps of net wrap. Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Hay and grain rations for the milking herd should consist of mostly legume with 14 to 16 percent protein in grain and high phosphorus mixes or mostly grass with 16 to 18 percent protein in grain and a 2:1 Ca:P mix. It is easy to dry and it makes good quality hay because of its slender culms. Indian J. Anim. Each type of hay has unique advantages and disadvantages. A lamb or high-quality calf milk replacer is recommended. Vet. Department of Agriculture and Forestry. 298. Volume 1, Iwama, Y. ; Terada, F. ; Shioya, S. ; Tanaka, M., 1999. New load of Sudan from King’s Hay Operation Very excited to see how the herd likes it- nice hay operation they have going and even better that they are so … Seeding 4. When compared to other tropical Brazilian hays, Sudan grass hay had the highest crude protein and total digestible nutrients, and met the minimum standard for ruminant nutrition (Aguiar et al., 2006b). Estonia 17-21 june 2007. In steers fed a steam-flaked maize-based diet, the recommended inclusion rate of Sudan grass hay was 8% (Calderon-Cortes et al., 1996) to 15%, which appeared to be optimal for an acceptable daily gain and dry matter intake (Alvarez et al., 2004). Sudan grass (Sorghum × drummondii (Steud.) For convenience, you may feed the buck the same grain fed the milking herd. In India, calves fed a mixture of 54% Sudan grass green forage and 46% ricebean (Vigna umbellata) had an average daily gain of 456 g/day (Singh et al., 2000). Rev. Even one cent is helpful to us! Any amount is the welcome. Average weight per bale is 1450#. Adv., 4 (4): 448-455, Calderon-Cortes, J. F. ; Zinn, R. A., 1996. Is it valuable to you? The poisonous plants of West Virginia, a preliminary report. Just a quick video showing everybody how we feed round bales of hay to our goats out in the pasture. Thin, high-producing does should have access to all the hay they can eat plus grain to the limit of their appetite. Swathed when approximately four foot tall. HAY AND GRAIN TOXICITY Although there are many kinds of hay and grain toxicity, I will concentrate on the most common forms with which goat breeders have to contend. Handbook of Energy Crops. In Mexico, Sudan grass hay replaced up to 40% of the forage (alfalfa) in steam-flaked maize-based lactation diets without deleterious effect on milk yield and milk quality (Alvarez et al., 2005). Beer or citrus pulp is a valuable source of fiber, especially if the available hay is of low quality. Intake of forages accounts for over 75% of the differences observed in animal performance between various forages. Intake and digestibility of corn, rye and sorghum-sudan grass silages by lactating cows. Soc. and administer the first colostrums, then feed pasteurized milk, to reduce the spread of CAE from the dam to kid through nursing or feeding of raw milk. Sudangrass serves as an excellent pasture or hay crop, with its 3 to 5' height and slender (<1/2 inch), leafy stems. Does in mid-lactation that are in good flesh should have all the hay they will eat plus 1 pound of grain for each 3 pounds milk produced. Aguiar, E. M. de ; Lima, G. F. da C. ; Santos, M. V. F. dos ; Carvalho, F. F. R. de ; Medeiros, H. R. ; Maciel, F. C. ; Januario, A. C. C., 2006. My goats have coastal in their pastures, but they won't eat coastal hay. (Pinto et al., 1999). If this helped you share and like this video so more people can get value from it! Alfalfa is enriched with high protein, high fat … J. Anim. Be careful not to overfeed. They are agile and sure-footed and are "browsers." Feed a grain ration formulated for a milk-producing ruminant (dairy cows). Partial substitution of alfalfa hay with grass hay (sudangrass, elephant grass) in diets for lactating dairy cattle: dry matter intake, lactation performance, and digestive function. Did you find the information you were looking for? In order to prevent poisoning, it is recommended to wilt Sudan grass and to avoid adding too much fertilizer. Return to Dairy Goats @ Purdue. In Japan, Sudan grass hay fed to dairy cattle had more crude protein, total digestible nutrients, starch digestibility and non-fiber carbohydrate digestibility than whole crop rice silage, which resulted in increased yields of fat-corrected milk and not-fat solids (Yamamoto et al., 2005). In northern parts of the United States, timothy is widely grown because it tolerates cold weather and grows early in spring. Don't let them grow fat. In adult goats, the rumen is the largest part of the stomach, and does most of the breaking down of the roughage that they eat. Because of palatability problems, urea is not recommended. We've always fed Sudan hay, goats will nearly always choose it over coastal. If yes, please click on the button Donate.Any amount is the welcome. At the time of drying-off, substitute fair to good quality grass hay for alfafa or other sources of legume hay. Supplementing grazing cattle with sulphur blocks can improve weight gain and reduce prussic acid poisoning (FAO, 2009). However, most sanctuary animals come from abusive factory farm conditions and, consequently, may have more health problems and Nutritional Concerns and Animal Health Hazards During the cold winter months when pastures contain scant forage, hay is the typical diet for cattle, sheep, horses, and goats. Yield and chemical composition of chopped tropical grass hays. Effect of feeding ricebean and sorghum sudan mixed fodder on growth and nutrient utilization in crossbred calves. Put up dry with absolutely no rain. Under certain conditions, livestock may develop symptoms of prussic acid poisoning if these forages are fed. Ruminants have four functional stomach compartments. SUDAN GRASS FOR DAIRY CATTLE 5 1930 represented a somewhat longer growing period than 30 days, the four cuttings averaging 38 days' growth. Dean Oswald - Animal Systems Educator 7104 E 2480 Street, Kewanee IL 61443 309-853-5449 Making Pasture and Forages Work for Sheep January 2010 Grazing Goals: 1. Composición de alimentos chilenos de uso en ganadería y avicultura. She should not be allowed to become fat. Since sorghum-sudan hybrids usually have a little more prussic acid risk, wait until they are 20 to 24 inches tall. Sudan grass silage had digestibility values comparable to those of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) and teosinte (Zea spp.) Feed Quality and Nutritional Value 9. Union of South Africa. A good mineral mixture should be available. A rigid program for internal parasite control must be included in the raising and maintenance of a healthy herd. In Japan, Sudan grass roll-baled silage could be used instead of maize silage at 25% of total dry matter intake in diets for lactating cow diets (Iwama et al., 1999). Aguiar et al., 2006; Alibes et al., 1990; CGIAR, 2009; Gomez Cabrera, 2009; Tisserand et al., 1989; Van Wyk et al., 1951; Vargas et al., 1965, Aguiar et al., 2006; Aguiar et al., 2006; Alibes et al., 1990; Ledgerwood et al., 2009; Sarcicek et al., 2002; Van Wyk et al., 1951, Heuzé V., Tran G., 2015. Wean from milk when grain intake reaches ¼-pound daily and kids are readily consuming hay. Provide hay and grain at one to two weeks of age. Construct high quality Average yields are 80 t/ha (fresh), 12-15 t/ha (dry matter) and 40-45 t/ha (silage). A visual appearance can give much information about the quality of hay … Digestible fiber is especially important in dairy goat diets. These characteristics make it well suited for pasture, dry hay, or silage These characteristics make it well suited for pasture, dry hay, or silage. Grassland Index. Goats being natural browsers they prefer to keep their heads high. Influence of dietary forage level on digestive function and growth performance in cattle fed steam-flaked corn-based growing-finishing diets. It does not withstand waterlogging and frost (Hacker, 1992). Purdue University, Cooperative Extension Publications, Singh, R. B. ; Saha, R. C. ; Sahab Singh, 2000. In some parts of the country fescue, reed canary grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are common. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. If Hay Vargas, M.; Urbá, R.; Enero, R.; Báez, H.; Pardo, P.; Visconti, C., 1965. SUDAN GRASS In 2005, approximately 10,000 acres were planted in Sudan grass valued at $5.5 million. Pearl millet does not contain prussic acid so if you planted millet these grazing precautions aren’t needed. GOAT CARE Physiology of Goats The typical lifespan of a goat is approximately 12 to 14 years. Inflorescences are panicles ending in short fragile racemes. Nutr., 17 (2): 160-161, Van Wyk, H. P. D. ; Oosthuizen, S. A. ; Basson, I. D., 1951. A quick grower, sudan grass outcompetes weeds, adds organic matter, loosens compacted soil, and suppresses nematode populations. Feed hay and concentrate mix twice daily and only … A study on silage quality and rumen degradability of mixed silages containing different levels of sudangrass and Hungarian vetch. Browse that helps to be advanced in protein than general pasture during the early part of grazing season. de Wet (FAO, 2009). It grows well in regions where annual rainfall ranges from 600 to 900 mm and temperatures are between 7 and 27°C. J. Anim. Turk Veterinerlik ve Hayvanclk Dergisi, 27 (4): 853-859, Duke, J. However, legume hay is higher in protein and minerals compared to grass hay. HAY Hay that is of high quality is an excellent feed for goats. Spikelets are paired, 6-7 mm long. Assessment of a brown midrib (BMR) mutant gene on the nutritive value of sudangrass using, Ojeda, F. ; Caceres, O. ; Luis, L. ; Esperance, M. ; Santana, H., 1989. Effect of using high oleaginous (full-fat soy, rapeseeds) diets on cattle meat production and quality. Small Rumin. It is tolerant of a large range of soils, from heavy clay to sandy soils. Sudan grass contains dhurrin, a cyanogenic glycoside that releases prussic acid after hydrolysis. Hay fed on the ground will be scattered, trampled, soiled and wasted. Even one cent is helpful to us! If you also graze cattle or horses, rotate these animals onto contaminated pastures following or preceding goats as they will help remove parasites that are host-specific to goats. Bahia grass, Sudan grass, millet, a mixture of a grain grass, sorghum, grass and clover are the most pasture of goats. During the last 3-4 weeks of gestation, nutrition becomes more important to the doe. Wet molasses is more palatable than dry molasses. In Turkey, it was suggested that Hungarian vetch (Vicia pannonica), added to Sudan grass silage, could enhance dry matter and crude protein degradability (Demirel et al., 2003). Sudan grass is a top choice for invigorating worn-out soils, especially when followed by a legume crop. Sci., 33: 29, Demirel, M. ; Cengiz, F. ; Erdogan, S. ; Celik, S., 2003. Bras. Weed Control 6. The exact ratio of calcium to phosphorus needed is dependent on forage sources since legumes are higher in calcium than grass. Kids are born with no natural protection from disease. We specialize in on-farm Goats don't generally do well on Klein Grass hay, but they thrive on peanut hay and alfalfa. Voicu, D. ; Hebean, V. ; Voicu, I. ; Hebeanu, M., 2008. Intake and nutritive value of some salt-tolerant fodder grasses forsheep under saline conditions of South Sinai, Egypt. Rolled or cracked grain is more palatable than ground grain. Make sure of good quality hay such as alfafa/sudan grass or alfafa/prairie is preferable to an all alfafa or all-grass hay. Sudangrass and other types of sorghum or sorghum-sudangrass hybrids are often planted for summer pasture. Millsp. She should receive a better quality grass hay and about the same type of ration she will receive after kidding. Caution 3. 1. We need your help to keep providing reference-based feeding recommendations for your animals. Actually alfalfa is not a grass; it is a legume, like clover. Sorghum-Sudan hay for ssle $55 (Victoria) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting $1 favorite this post Jan 14 Buy 1, Get 1 FREE!! Purdue University Dairy Goats Information, Mac Mendell, Undergraduate Student, Dept. For We need your help to keep providing reference-based feeding recommendations for your animals. Most bucks do not need more than a pound of grain per day plus forages. It is possible to have 4 crops during a season (FAO, 2009; Duke, 1983). We produce the best qualities of Alfalfa hay, Timothy hay, Bermudagrass hay, Clover hays, Oat hay, Orchard Grass, Prairie hay, Peanut hay, Mountain grass, Sudan grass, Grass for mules and more. Bulletin of the Kyushu National Agricultural Experiment Station, 36: 41-47, Ledgerwood, D. N. ; DePeters, E. J. ; Robinson, P. H. ; Taylor, S. J. ; Heguy, J. M., 2009. Instituto de Investigación Veterinaria. (Information sources include Ohio State University and University of Missouri Extension), Return to Purdue Dairy Goats Information . Proc. Introduction 2. In Yuma County, Sudan grass is grown for hay and for its seed.